Why did hens stop laying eggs in the fall?
Eggs are one of the main human foods. They are used for cooking various dishes, in traditional medicine, cosmetology. But sometimes, going into the chicken coop, you can not find anything in the nests. What are the causes of this phenomenon in autumn and how to correct them, we will consider in the article.
Why chickens don't rush in the fall
In this case, most of the owners of birds do not understand why the hens ceased to rush. The reasons why these poultry are poorly carried can be explained by the conditions of detention, the period of the year or psychological discomfort.
With the help of molting, the birds renew their feathers, during which the egg production decreases and the weight is lost. During the period under review, which lasts 80–90 days, chickens require special care and attention. In the absence of care at the time of molting, hens can begin to show aggression and fight.
There is an opinion that hens molt in the following order: first, the bird loses feathers in the cervical region and on the head, then molt gradually passes to the back, rib cage, wings and at the very end to the tail.Throughout life, birds pass several molting cycles:
- The first cycle occurs when the chicken replaces fluff with feathers.
- The second cycle is the change of down cover to contour feathers.
- The third cycle takes place annually because the bird is already an adult.
Did you know? The largest breeds of chickens are Master Gray and Brahma. Their body weight can reach seven kilograms.
Instinct of incubation
In early spring, the instinct of incubation appears in birds, it is formed due to an increase in egg production in general. Enhanced egg laying develops the desire for reproduction in the chicken. She begins to claw and sit on her eggs in order to sit out the future offspring.Many bird breeders do not like this behavior of birds, because the instinct of incubation accompanies the stopping of laying eggs by the chicken.
To solve this problem, it is necessary to isolate the chicken by putting it in a separate cage. After resting and talking with the rooster, the chicken is returned back, and it begins to lay eggs again.
Sunlighting directly affects chicken health and egg laying. The researchers proved that light enters the retina of the bird’s eye and acts on the hypothalamus, which contributes to the production of hormones that stimulate the chicken to lay eggs. Accordingly, spring and summer are productive for egg production.
Important! With this content, the egg production of chicken increases by 16%.
In the fall, you can strengthen the laying of eggs by using auxiliary items - lamps. The daylight hours should be 16–18 hours. It is recommended day after day to add daylight hours gradually, every day for 15 minutes, increasing to a maximum (18 hours).Excessive harsh light can also affect chicken egg production.
The required temperature for birds is 17–20 ° С. If the temperature is below optimal, the bird will spend more energy on heating the body.
Elevated temperature will be accompanied by heavy drinking. These factors will negatively affect not only health, but also egg laying.
In order to maintain the necessary temperature in the chicken coop, it is worth insulating and heating it in the winter, and in summer to establish good ventilation and a walking yard.
Stress and strain
Overexertion and stress negatively affect the egg production of chicken.Many factors cause panic in birds. Any rustling, knocking or sudden appearance of a breeder can frighten the animal. These circumstances affect the number of eggs laid by the chicken.
To prevent the development of stress in chickens and the quantitative loss of eggs, it is necessary to minimize the stress of the animals.
Timely good nutrition is the key to the health and fertility of birds. Often, the owners of birds encounter two common problems - the absence or decrease in egg production. The reason for the first and second is the lack of vitamins and minerals in the feed.
The chicken should have the necessary rate of proteins, fats, vitamins and carbohydrates.
Good nutrition includes:
- various types of grain - oats, wheat, corn, barley, millet, etc .;
- green fodder - meadow grass, clover, dill, vegetable tops and more;
- root crops - potatoes, carrots, beets, etc.
- mineral additives - chalk, salt, ash, etc .;
- animal feed - dairy products, meat and bone, fishmeal, etc.
The feed will have more nutrients if it is alternated with grains of other plant crops. It is not recommended to mix many types of grain at once.
Important! Due to the lack of vitamins and minerals, chickens can start to eat their own eggs.
Parasites that cause disease are the greatest health risks for chicken. It is common for birds to have pathogenic pests on their skin. Insects and arachnids belong to cutaneous parasites.
There are two types of parasites:
- Internal These include flat, ribbon and round worms. They are not only in the stomach, but also in the liver, respiratory tract, and circulatory system. The largest chicken pest is intestinal worm.
- Outdoor. The following types of insects are referred to as external parasites:
- beetle eaters;
How to solve the problem of egg production in the autumn season?
In seasonal periods, a sharp decrease in egg production occurs. Poultry farmers need to know what to do to strengthen their body in the fall.
The first thing you need to pay attention to is nutrition. It is necessary to feed the birds in the morning. For productivity, it is recommended to mix different varieties of grains. Use only whole grains for feeding.
Also monitor the weight of the bird, do fasting days. The essence of the fasting day is to replace morning and evening feeding with water and grass. In the autumn period, the feeding rate per individual is as follows:
- fresh herbs - 20 grams;
- whole grain - 45 grams;
- crushed grain - 55 grams;
- carrots - 20 grams;
- chalk - 4 grams.
In food, chicken is supplemented with minerals and vitamins, the largest amount of which is found in herbs, vegetables and root crops. Another way to increase the egg production of chickens is to prepare the feed in advance: they can be chopped, yeast or sprouted. Such types of food allow the chicken to easily digest food and fill the body with useful elements.
To ensure annual income from chicken, to prevent it from getting sick, to avoid a decrease or lack of egg production, you need to know what preventive measures to apply. Preventive actions:
- balanced nutrition (vitamins, fats, carbohydrates);
- nutritional supplementation;
- supplementation of vitamins of groups A, B, E, C and D;
- frequent replacement of drinking water;
- improvement of conditions in the chicken coop.
Chicken eggs are in the diet of most people in the world. To constantly get them from chicken, you need to take care in its content, creating a bird comfortable conditions at any time of the year.
Now the day is short, in addition to feed, the light mode is also important. For adult birds, it is 16 hours. Lenka for adult birds is also possible for 12-15 months, it will last up to 2-3 months.