What temperature is considered normal in pigs
A noticeable deviation of temperature indicators from the norm indicates any malfunctions in the activity of the body of any warm-blooded animal. You will learn about hyperthermia in pigs, about the causes of its occurrence and symptoms of manifestation from this review.
Pigs do not have exactly the same temperature. Its indicators depend on the breed, age, body weight and even gender. Therefore, the temperature norm of these artiodactyls varies: the interval between 38 ° C and 39.5 ° C. Piglets, before they turn one year old, have accelerated metabolic processes and an accelerated rhythm of heart contractions; therefore, a temperature of up to 40 is considered normal for them. The temperature norm for wild boars lies between 38 ° C-39 ° C, and for females it is half a degree higher.
Did you know? Unlike other ungulate animals that eat plant foods, pigs are omnivores and may well eat meat if possible.
Signs of increase
Hyperthermia does not happen on its own and is always accompanied by various manifestations in the appearance and behavior of animals. Experienced breeders know that you should resort to using a thermometer with:
- a marked decrease in appetite in pigs or with a complete loss of it;
- lethargy of movements;
- excessive excitement;
- the occurrence of a rash on the body;
- hesitant steps;
- trembling body;
- eye redness;
- respiratory problems;
- accelerated heart rate;
- clumping bristles;
- hot to the touch patch and ears.
Hyperthermia in pigs can be due to many factors. Most often it is provoked:
- diseases of the respiratory organs in the form of inflammatory processes in the bronchi, lungs and trachea, which make up a fourth of all manifestations of hyperthermia;
- viral infections leading to paratyphoid and plague;
- bacterial infections that cause dysentery, mastitis and erysipelas;
- dyspepsia, which is caused by malnutrition and is included in 65% of the reasons that are not related to the infectious nature of diseases that lead to hyperthermia.
Did you know? The well-known addiction of pigs to wallow in the mud does not at all indicate their frivolous attitude to the requirements of hygiene. On the contrary, in this way they get rid of the parasites living on their skin, which fall off the body along with dried mud.
How to measure
The main task when measuring the body temperature of an animal is to obtain reliable indicators with minimal discomfort for a sick individual. Today, the owner of the animal has the ability to measure the temperature of his pet as follows:
- an ordinary mercury thermometer;
- electric thermometer;
- its electronic counterpart;
With this tested device you can get the most accurate indicators.
- However, he has serious shortcomings, which are expressed in:
- the need to withstand the tip of the thermometer in the rectum of the animal for 7 minutes, which causes the sick pig significant discomfort and stresses it;
- the high trauma of the fragile glass shell of the thermometer, since it can burst with any incorrect movement of the animal and damage the rectum with fragments (not to mention the toxic properties of mercury).
Important! The rectal method of measuring temperature without fail requires immediate disinfection of the thermometer with alcohol.
This device is much preferable in terms of safety, it also makes an accurate measurement within a minute. An electronic thermometer acts even faster (although both devices still stress a sick animal during measurements).
The pyrometer is delivered from this lack. This is the name of a measuring device that uses infrared radiation in its work. It is enough to bring the pyrometer to the body of the animal by several centimeters so that the exact temperature values appear on the screen. The only drawback of this device is its rather high price.
What to do at elevated temperature
When the temperature is fixed by a measuring device, before contacting a veterinarian for help, you should:
- immediately isolate the artiodactyl from the rest of the herd;
- carefully monitor the actions of the pig, trying to notice other manifestations of the disease;
- measure the temperature several times at intervals of an hour to prevent it from naturally rising after eating or in the evening.
Important! Since sometimes the disease is accompanied by hyperthermia until other symptoms appear, in a large herd of pigs, temperature testing becomes the main way to detect diseased individuals.
In the absence of any doubt about the presence of hyperthermia caused by any pathology, you should immediately seek help from specialists, telling them:
- indicators of temperature measurements;
- the symptoms of the disease and the characteristic behavior of the animal;
- pig's diet recently;
- about whether or not the animal had contacts with other sick pigs.
All this will allow veterinarians to quickly and accurately diagnose and immediately begin treatment.Like humans, fever in animals is a clear indicator of the body’s trouble. That is why in no case should one ignore any obvious manifestation of hyperthermia, since this can lead to sad consequences.