Tomatoes “Jubilee Tarasenko”: description, cultivation agricultural technique
The tomato variety “Jubilee Tarasenko” is the result of amateur selection and has not been included in the official register of tomato varieties, but it quickly gained the trust and love of gardeners. Although this variety was bred more than 30 years ago, it does not lose its popularity at all thanks to its excellent taste and marketability. This article invites you to get acquainted with the characteristics of a vegetable, its advantages and disadvantages, as well as agricultural farming techniques and useful recommendations for care.
Variety "Tarasenko Yubileiny" - the achievement of amateur breeder Theodosius Tarasenko, who named it in honor of his 75th birthday. Tomatoes were obtained by crossing with several varieties and hybrids, however, it is based on an Italian multi-fruit variety called "San Marzano".
Did you know? For a very long time, tomatoes were considered poisonous, so in Europe they were bred more like a decorative overseas plant. This continued until, in 1822, the American colonel decided in public to eat a whole bucket of tomatoes, proving to the amazed crowd that the tomato was actually edible. After that, the vegetable rapidly began to gain popularity in cooking.
The main characteristics of the tomato:
- refers to indeterminate, that is, tall varieties; the stem height of a tomato can reach 2-3 m, which is why it is also called lianiform;
- the stem itself is quite massive and dense, however, after it grows, it ceases to be stable;
- leaves are large, dark green, uneven, resembling potato foliage;
- flower brushes begin above the 4th leaf, after which they alternate through 2-3 leaves, each capable of forming up to 30-40 fruits;
- the rhizome of this variety is also perfectly developed - due to its spread in breadth, and not in depth, the plant eats all the necessary components from the soil;
- the type of ripening in this tomato is mid-ripening, which makes it possible to get the first crop already 130 days after germination;
- one bush of the Yubileiny Tarasenko variety is capable of producing about 10 kg of tomatoes;
- fruits are round, with a diameter of about 8 cm, with an average weight of 90 to 110 g, with a small “nose” at the tip;
- the tomatoes themselves are saturated bright red in color, with a shiny and dense peel, without voids, taste sweet and sour;
- the fruits tolerate transportation well and are not prone to deteriorate during storage;
- this variety is distinguished by its excellent taste - tomatoes are perfect for both preservation and for use in salads and fresh;
- the variety was bred with the expectation of growing in open ground, but tomato cultivation in the greenhouse is also acceptable;
- It is quite resistant to subzero temperatures, therefore it is suitable for growing in the northern regions as well under preliminary coating during the period of frosts.
Advantages and disadvantages
- The advantages of this variety compared to the rest are really many:
- stable high productivity;
- profuse and prolonged bearing;
- excellent transportability;
- the fruits are relatively resistant to infections such as late blight and brown leaf spot;
- “Jubilee Tarasenko” is practically not exposed to the invasion of pests that rarely attack bushes of this variety.
The variety is quite unpretentious in cultivation, but in order to get a good harvest from Yubileyny Tarasenko, it is necessary to provide the plant with proper care. Since tomatoes are intended for growing in seedlings, first you should sow the seeds, in the cultivation of which you will not encounter special difficulties - this variety is no different from others.
Important! Before landing seed on seedlings must be decontaminated - eg, let it warm in the oven for 30 minutes at 70–90 ° C. Higher temperatures are detrimental to beneficial soil bacteria.
Optimum timing for sowing
Sowing seeds for seedlings is usually carried out closer to the end of March, however, the sowing time most often depends on the climatic situation in the region. It is important to wait until the seedlings are 2 months old before planting it in the ground. In the case of planting seedlings in a greenhouse, orient yourself 2-3 weeks earlier.
Soil with a neutral level of acidity, sufficiently saturated with oxygen, is ideal for the Jubilee Tarasenko. It is recommended to purchase soil specially designed for this purpose in agricultural stores. You can also make it yourself by mixing 3 parts of humus, 4 parts of sod land and 2 parts of wood ash.
Capacity for growing
Capacities for seedlings of the "Jubilee Tarasenko" are required capacious, since the root system of these tomatoes is well developed. It is not recommended to grow seedlings in boxes, because by the time of planting, the roots of the seedlings are so intertwined that it becomes almost impossible to separate them without damage. As a result, the plants will weaken and undergo various diseases, which will affect the quantity and quality of the future crop.
You can use peat tablets, but be prepared in this case to spend a lot of money, since the high cost of such a container will “hit” your pocket and will be especially felt when you buy a large number of tablets. The budget and most suitable option are separate 300 mm cups, always with holes at the bottom. They must also be disinfected first - rinse with a solution of chlorine bleach in a low concentration.
Important! Upon landing plants on a permanent place, on 1 m² it is necessary to place no more than four bushes.
Before planting seeds, they also need to be prepared by performing special procedures that will help ensure the resistance of plants to diseases, increase productivity and bring emergence closer. The main activities include: heat treatment of seeds, disinfection, saturation with nutrients and soaking.
- Heat treatment of seeds should be carried out if they have been in a cool room for a long time. Then it is recommended to warm them up in about a month for seven days, gradually increasing the temperature from 25 ° C to 80 ° C. At home, you can warm the seeds on the battery, after placing them in rag bags for several days.
- It is also important to sanitize, that is, disinfect, the seeds on which diseases can settle. In this case, a 1% pink manganese solution is usually used, in which it is necessary to withstand the seeds for about 25 minutes. An equally effective method will also be to place tomato seeds in 2% hydrogen peroxide, previously heated to 45 ° C, for 10 minutes.
- Then the seeds must be treated with nutrients. For this purpose, it is recommended to soak them in any nutrient mixture for 24 hours. Chemicals (Zircon, Epin-Extra, Zerebra Agro) and folk analogues (honey solution or ash solution) effectively cope with their task.
- The final step is to soak the seeds for 13 hours in warm water, which must be changed every 3 hours.
When sowing seeds, a distance of 2 cm between them is observed, and the planting itself is carried out to a depth of 2 cm as well. After this, the soil must be filled with warm, settled water, then cover the box with film, after making holes for aeration. It is advisable to place the box in a bright room with a temperature of at least 30 ° C. After most of the seedlings appear, the coating is removed and the box is moved to the windowsill. Tomatoes are picked after the appearance of a pair of real leaves in a capacity of 300 ml.
Important! After planting seedlings in open ground, dressing is allowed to be done no earlier than after 2 weeks, since first you need to let the plants get accustomed to the new conditions.
Activities for the care of seedlings of the Yubileiny Tarasenko variety are simple, and consist of the usual regular watering, top dressing and preventive measures to prevent pests and diseases from occurring in tomatoes. The seedlings must be kept in high humidity conditions and in no case should drying be allowed. Water the seedlings very carefully, under the stem. In order not to spoil the young shoots, first use a pipette.
It is impossible to properly care for seedlings without quality lighting, the most ideal option for which is the windowsill. Bushes necessarily need sunlight, therefore, in cloudy weather, do not forget to illuminate them with lamps.Top dressing is an equally important procedure for seedlings, which should not be neglected, since the sprouts need additional nutrition a week after the first shoots. It is recommended to use natural, natural fertilizers, consisting, for example, of litter or sawdust, but if you consider the purchased option, in this case, complex mineral fertilizers Kristalon, Kemira and Effekton are suitable. Be sure to adhere to the dosage indicated on the packaging of your chosen fertilizer, otherwise the seedlings can be seriously damaged.
A few weeks before planting seedlings in open ground, it must be hardened. This is a mandatory event designed to adapt young plants to aggressive environmental conditions. A number of techniques are used here - light, air, and temperature hardening.
The fact is that unprepared plants can seriously suffer and even die from sunlight, so at any suitable opportunity, take the seedlings out into the open air - this should be the most warm and calm weather. At first, the time of such “walks” should not exceed an hour, but gradually increase their duration by several hours every day. As a result, a day or two before planting, the seedlings will be in conditions similar to the conditions of the garden.
The optimum air temperature to which seedlings need to be trained is 15–20 ° С. Such hardening is carried out in the same way - plants are carried out into the open air and gradually get used to the temperature regime. This is necessary in order to improve the survival rate of seedlings, to increase the saturation of flowering and productivity.
Planting seedlings in a permanent place
Seedlings can be planted in open ground after reaching 55-60 days, while its height should be at least 30 cm. The rest of the rules for planting tomatoes "Jubilee Tarasenko" include the following:
- The soil must be sanitized in advance by watering it with a solution of potassium permanganate, and then dug up.
- Seeds are lowered into holes, the distance between which should be at least 70 cm, and the depth - at least 40 cm.
- After digging the pits, you need to fill them with warm water, wait until they dry completely and plant the tomatoes in such a way that there are 4 bushes per 1 m², then carefully pour water.
- Plant excessively elongated seedlings at an angle (for this, place them in special pits).
- The first 2-3 days the seedlings are not watered to give her time to get stronger.
Did you know? It is necessary to observe the stem - if closer to the bottom it acquired a bluish tint, then the additional root system of the plant develops well.
Tomato "Jubilee Tarasenko" does not require too complicated care, however, like all liana-shaped tomatoes, it has some features of cultivation.
After a few days, during which the tomatoes were without watering, it is necessary to start pouring the plants carefully, following these rules:
- watering is carried out only after complete drying of the first layer of the earth;
- it is best to water tomatoes in the afternoon, in the late afternoon;
- water should be warm and well-maintained;
- you need to pour under the root, without falling on the leaves;
- watering frequency should not exceed once a week;
- After each watering, the soil must be loosened without fail.
Today it is not difficult to find in any agricultural store a variety of fertilizers for feeding seedlings. However, if you still want to get the most natural products, it is best to use natural fertilizers by making them yourself.
Most of all, tomatoes need substances such as nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium, so the best storehouse of these components is bird droppings, which are diluted with water in a ratio of one to two and left for several days.
The resulting mixture should subsequently be mixed with water for irrigation. Oddly enough, but banal coffee grounds are an invaluable source of nutrition for young plants.
In addition, it also enriches the roots with oxygen and is an auxiliary component for loosening the soil. Before making the soil in the soil, it must be mixed with clean water.
One of the most effective and well-proven top dressings is the top dressing of plants with iodine, which is usually done with watering: 10 g of iodine is poured with 10 l of water and, if desired, phosphorus (20 g) or potassium (30 g) is added.
Any self-respecting gardener should have an idea about pinching tomatoes today, since without this procedure you can face many troubles. The fact is that a tomato bush in the process of its growth and development gives a huge amount of side shoots (which are called "stepsons"), which prevent the formation of fruits and are a hotbed of pathogenic bacteria.
Important! After the growth of "Jubilee Tarasenko" exceeds 170 cm, you need to pinch the top of the plant, leaving a few leaves. Otherwise, the liana can grow up to 400 cm, which will negatively affect the presentation and size of the fruit.
If this problem is not timely addressed, then the shoots will begin to branch rapidly, overloading the bush. The procedure for pinching is also necessary in order to equalize the ratio of green mass to the number of inflorescences and then obtain better and more mature fruits.
It is advisable to remove the extra shoots as early as possible, so that the main stalk receives a sufficient amount of nutrients and moisture necessary for the formation and development of tomatoes, therefore, pinching is done several times a week.The procedure for removing stepsons is simple and consists in breaking them off from the main bush with the help of hands. It is important at the same time not to completely remove the shoot, but to leave a few centimeters in order to suspend the appearance of new stepsons. There is absolutely no harm to the bush from such actions, so do not be afraid that in the process of pinching you can damage the plant in this way - its stems will already be strong and strong by the time of the procedure, which will not create difficulties in eliminating shoots.
The stepson removal scheme is as follows:
- First you need to hold it with your fingers.
- Then it is necessary to bend until it comes off the stem.
Complexes of measures for soil care are very important for a good harvest and stable fruiting. First of all, this, of course, loosening the soil, weeding weeds, mulching and hilling. Consider the intricacies of each process in more detail:
- The first step is to remove weeds from the soil surface, which are the owners of most pests and diseases, and simply interfere with doing something with the ground.
- The next step after cleansing the soil from weeds is loosening. Most experienced gardeners and gardeners prefer it to ordinary digging, since it is believed that loosening more accurately structures the surface of the soil, does not allow moisture and oxygen to penetrate deep into the soil and does not violate its composition, moreover, it is much faster and easier. This process is carried out using forks that need to be stuck into the ground every 20 cm and swing in different directions. At the end, a loose layer of soil comes out, ideal for planting seedlings.
- After loosening the soil, it is also advisable to mulch it. This is necessary to maintain a healthy state of plants and for the overall maintenance of soil quality. As a mulch, you can use both various shelters, as well as straw, sawdust, grass, etc. After choosing a mulching material, it is laid out over the entire surface of the previously treated soil around the plants.
- The last, final stage after all the above operations is the earthing up of the soil. This agricultural technique includes loosening the soil and sticking moist soil to the lower parts of plants. The hilling procedure is extremely important because it has a number of positive effects both on the soil itself and on future fruits. Hilling of tomatoes is carried out, as a rule, only twice: the first time within a week after transplanting seedlings into the ground and the second after 25 days.
Tying is a very important point in the care of tomatoes. For several reasons, a plant can be seriously damaged and just get a bad crop if you don’t tie the bush in time:
- the garter serves as a strong fastener for the stem, which under the heavy weight of tomatoes can break;
- from contact with the ground, the fruits become a food source for insects;
- lying on the ground, tomatoes easily rot after a past rain or watering.
There are several ways to tie up bushes: garter with pegs, trellis method and trellis method. The first version of the garter is the simplest, fastest and most common. First you need to pick up pegs at least 90 cm in length, corresponding to the number of bushes. Then they are driven approximately 30–35 cm into the ground and at a distance of 30 cm from the bush, tying growing tomatoes with loops.
The next lattice method is as follows:
- First of all, it is necessary to prepare cuts of reinforcement or another suitable profile with a length of not more than a meter, as well as a coil of wire.
- The wire is pulled between the fittings in several rows so that a lattice is formed.
- The plant, sandwiched between the wires during the growth process, will keep upright, which will contribute to its development and long-term fruiting.
Quality plant care includes preventive measures to protect against the biggest misfortunes - pests and diseases. This will strengthen the health of young seedlings and will avoid a long and not always guaranteeing the success of the treatment process.
Prevention of plants is carried out in the morning, when the sun is not yet shining in full force. Chemicals should preferably be used before the fruits appear. The complex preparation Trichopol, as well as copper sulfate, is ideal for this.
Did you know? Tomato contains a huge amount of the “hormone of happiness” serotonin, so only 100 g of vegetable can cheer up and keep it for a long time.
As for folk remedies, yeast top dressing and various solutions, for example, ash or iodine, will no less effectively cope with this task. To enhance the result, these funds can be alternated with each other. In addition to developing immunity in plants, preventive measures also include disinfecting the soil, which carries dangerous pests and pathogenic bacteria, therefore, it is also necessary to carry out pinching and thinning of beds.
A distinctive feature of tomatoes of the Yubileiny Tarasenko variety is that they need to be harvested exclusively unripe, because the ripening of tomatoes occurs at the same time and unevenly. The fruits of this variety ripen during storage. The yield characteristics of tomatoes are pretty good - 8–10 kg per bush and 15–20 kg per square meter. The most interesting thing is that, according to the creator himself, these are far from maximum indicators, and when mastering agricultural technology, much better results can be achieved.The tomato variety "Jubilee Tarasenko" from the first years of sales has established itself as a productive, unpretentious and persistent product, therefore it is still recognized and loved by experienced gardeners. In compliance with agricultural practices, tomatoes of this variety will surely please you with an abundance of crops and the quality of fruits, so if you are already eager to plant Yubileiny Tarasenko in the garden, the result will certainly not disappoint you.